卵巢老一岁,女人老十岁!医生告诫这8件事千万别做

  • 日期:07-27
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本文专家:北京清华长庚医院妇产科副主任医师 张蕾

卵子与精子不同,属于不可再生资源。每个女性从出生起就携带了上百万个卵泡,但自此也就走上了不断消耗的道路。

我们知道,卵巢不但孕育着生命的种子(卵子),更是青春活力的源泉(分泌雌激素),卵泡消耗的快,就意味着「衰老」降临的也快…那么是什么加快了卵泡的消亡?是否会导致卵巢早衰呢?

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也许您会说,既然出生时有上百万的卵泡,那应该足够用了啊。事情没你想的那么简单。

女性到了13、14岁初潮开始时,只剩下30万左右的卵泡。而最后真正能够发育成熟并排卵的也只有400~500个,其余卵泡均因各种原因先后退化。

我们不能让卵巢储备变多,但是我们要学会省着花。下面咱们就来盘点一下在日常生活中,卵巢最怕的8件事!

1.怕不生或太晚生孩子

我们知道24~29岁是卵子质量最好的年龄段,从30岁起,卵巢功能便开始走下坡路。

随着年龄的增加,卵子的质量下降,受孕的几率随之降低,孕后并发症和胎儿畸形率的发生机率也会增加。

另外,孕期女性是不排卵的,为大家节约了一批卵泡,也是给卵巢休养生息的时间,而不生孩子可能会使更年期提前。

* 专家建议:在生殖力最旺盛的年龄段,尽快完成生育。

2.怕盆腔感染

细菌、病毒感染盆腔后,可能导致卵巢发炎受损,或因长期慢性炎症致盆腔内器官粘连,卵巢供血减少导致卵泡消亡。

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导致盆腔感染的原因包括:不良经期卫生习惯(如经期盆浴,经期同房等),用不洁卫生用品,邻近器官出现炎症(如阑尾炎等)后蔓延感染等

*专家建议:夫妻同房后尽快尿个尿,有利于预防阴道炎,盆腔炎的发生经期尤其要注意卫生,妇科炎症要及时治疗

3.怕流产

首先,流产会使女性,体内的激素水平骤然下降,从而影响卵子的生存环境,影响卵子的质量和活力。另外,流产会增加盆腔感染的风险。

*专家建议:在没有做好要孩子的准备之前,一定要做好避孕工作,不要让年少轻狂造成日后不可改变的恶果。

4.怕滥用补品,乱按摩

很多女性朋友为了保护卵巢,而轻信各种补品,和卵巢护理按摩。

其实有些保健品含有大量的雌激素,短期服用可能会感到效果不错。但如果长期服用,可能会导致女性内分泌紊乱影响受孕,还可能增加子宫内膜癌,乳腺癌的风险。

卵巢按摩更是无法实现的,因为卵巢位于腹腔内部,精油只能渗透皮肤的浅表层,想要通过简单的按摩,将精油直接渗透至卵巢是不可能的。

*专家建议:莫要轻信虚假营销宣传,怀疑卵巢功能不好要及时到正规医院妇科就诊检查。

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5.怕过度节食减肥

而过度节食,导致体脂急速下降。

要知道合成雌激素的主要原料为脂肪,体内脂肪不足,导致雌激素成不足,雌激素减少又会引起月经紊乱,甚至出现闭经。

XXIn the long run, it may cause premature ovarian failure and uterine atrophy, which may affect fertility!

* Expert advice: a balanced diet combined with exercise control weight, maintain a certain body fat content (female normal body fat rate of 17% to 30%).

Body fat percentage calculation method:

1. Calculate the body mass index BMI, BMI=weight kg/height m2;

2. Body fat percentage=1.2 × BMI + 0.23 × age - 5.4 - 10.8 × gender (gender: male 1, female is 0)%

6. Fear of staying up late

In the evening, I chased the microblog, and the woman who stayed up late for the night, the hypothalamus must have a disordered state in regulating the secretion of ovarian hormones, which led to abnormalities in estrogen and progesterone levels in women, which in turn affected ovarian function. And egg quality.

*Recommended expert: Try to go to bed before 11:00, do not go online, read books, or exercise vigorously 30 minutes before going to bed, so as not to over-stimulate the senses. If you have long-term insomnia, you can seek the help of a respiratory sleep doctor.

7. Fear of mental stress

The hormone secretion of the human body works under the control of the cerebral cortex. If a woman's mental stress is too high and she is in a state of tension, anxiety, or depression for a long time, the cerebral cortex may not be able to correctly issue instructions, thereby inhibiting the normal ovulation function of the ovaries.

* Expert advice: If you are seriously affected by anxiety and depression, you must seek the help of a psychiatrist in a timely manner.

8. Afraid of smoking and drinking

Tobacco and alcohol have great destructive power on eggs. First, the harmful components of nicotine, benzene, lead, etc. in cigarettes can directly act on the egg and affect the ovarian function. Excessive drinking can lead to endocrine disorders, which may impede the development and maturation of the egg, which may lead to an increase in infertility and deformed infants.

xx* 专家建议:为了自己,更为了下一代,夫妻双方都应该远离烟酒!

最后,除了上述8件事会影响卵巢,还存在很多不可控因素,比如遗传因素、自身免疫因素、代谢因素等等。我们能做的是,在可控范围内不要再推波助澜做伤害卵巢的事情。

鲁洋

部门主任:杨小明

本文首发于“京医通”,授权刊发,版权归原作者。

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